As we enter the first few weeks of what I’ve called the Launch Decade, it’s a good time to explore what we’ll need to launch ourselves into exponentially expanding opportunity for everyone. There’s a lot that will need to come together, but let me focus here on one of the key building blocks – small groups. (I love the paradox: to achieve very large impact, we need small groups.)
I’ve become more and more focused on the importance of small groups to achieving accelerating impact. I’ve explored this in a business context, with our work on business practice redesign for workgroups. I’ve explored this in the context of movements, with the realization that all successful movements are organized into small cells. I’ve also explored this in a broader learning context, with the perspective that creation spaces built around small groups are key to accelerating learning in arenas as diverse as extreme sports and online video games.
To be clear, I’m not talking about all small groups. Most small groups are trapped in narrow context and needs. But certain small groups show the ability to help participants have growing impact and, in the process, achieve far more of their potential as individuals and as a group.
As I’ve spent time exploring these small groups that achieve accelerating impact, I’ve become convinced that they are so important because they help us to address our emotional needs (our heartset) and ultimately to connect with others at a much deeper level (our spiritset) that can cultivate shared passion (specifically, the passion of the explorer). It’s about building deep and enduring (but also evolving) human connection. They do this by achieving a rich balance across dimensions that are often viewed as conflicting.
Balance in time
Regardless of context, the small groups that can set in motion exponential impact do so by focusing on both the long-term and the short-term at the same time. These small groups are constantly looking ahead and framing inspiring opportunities and outcomes that will take a long time to achieve. This inspires participants to act, but it also clearly communicates that the impact of that action will need to expand rapidly if the long-term opportunity and outcome is ever to be achieved. The bar for impact is very high.
That’s the long-term. At the same time, these small groups are relentlessly focused on action they can and need to take in the short-term to yield tangible impact quickly and help to accelerate the learning process. There’s a strong bias for action now, but action that is framed in the context of the longer-term opportunity and outcome.
The small group participants are constantly moving back and forth between a focus on the long-term opportunity and outcomes and committing to achieving impact in the short-term. They are clear that one without the other is useless.
This balance helps to shape the emotions of the participants. By framing an inspiring long-term opportunity, the small group can help its participants to overcome any fear they might have and cultivate excitement and the courage to take action. At the same time, by focusing on high impact moves in the short-term, these small groups can help overcome the skepticism that might naturally arise about a long-term opportunity. They can show tangible impact in the short-term to build confidence that the much bigger, longer-term opportunity is achievable.
Balance in relationships
The small workgroups that achieve accelerating impact are able to establish a balance between challenging and support.
Participants in these small workgroups are constantly challenging each other and holding each other accountable. In my work on productive friction, I have tended to focus on the willingness, in fact eagerness, to challenge others regarding ideas on how to achieve more impact in the short-term. Participants challenge each other out of respect, because they are all driven by a shared commitment to a longer-term opportunity and outcome and a shared desire to accelerate impact. Diversity within the workgroup helps to ensure that the challenging yields more creative approaches to achieving impact.
But this challenging doesn’t just occur in the realm of ideas. Participants in these workgroups hold each other accountable for action and results. Their commitment is to action and impact. If they sense that one or more of the participants are slacking off or holding back, they are challenging those participants to become more active.
At the same time, participants in these small workgroups are actively supporting each other. If they see one of their members faltering, they are quick to offer support. If someone starts to feel frustrated or afraid because some of their actions ran into unexpected obstacles or failed to achieve the desired impact, other members of the group are quick to provide encouragement and make it clear that they can work together to find ways to achieve the desired impact.
This balance of challenging and support helps to strengthen the excitement about the opportunity to accelerate impact while overcoming fear and frustration that inevitably occurs when specific actions fail to achieve the impact that was expected. More fundamentally, it emphasizes to all the participants that we are in this together, which strengthens the emotions required to pursue sustained action, despite the inevitable obstacles and roadblocks encountered along the way.
Balance in movement
The small workgroups that achieve accelerating impact maintain a careful balance between action and reflection.
These groups have a strong bias for action. If participants sit around too long talking to each other, they become visibly restless. They are driven to achieve impact and they have a strong bias for action. They know that the most valuable form of learning occurs through action.
On the other hand, they also know that learning through action requires reflection. They need to take the time to step back and reflect on the impact that has been achieved, so that they can learn what would be required to achieve even more impact. They are also reflecting while they are taking action, alert to the environment and observing where and how impact is being achieved. Reflection will also help the participants to clarify the nature of the longer-term opportunity they are striving to address together.
Action and reflection together are necessary to accelerate impact and these workgroups are constantly moving between the two. Action provides the fuel for deeper reflection and reflection provides the fuel for action with higher impact.
Once again, this balance helps to cultivate more positive emotions. Action alone can be exhausting and often lead to burn-out. Reflection alone can lead to passivity and fear because there are so many options and so many ways that things could go wrong. Action and reflection together strengthen the courage to move forward and the excitement about the opportunity to increase impact.
Balance for what?
There’s more. Achieving balance across these three dimensions has other benefits as well.
Cultivate trust. First, these three dimensions of balance are powerful in cultivating deep trust among participants. I’ve written about trust a lot, including a blog post on the “trust paradox” almost a decade ago. In that post, I made the case that the foundations for trust are rapidly evolving. In more stable times, trust was built around demonstrated expertise and skills. In more rapidly changing times, trust increasingly depends on an assessment of whether someone has what it takes to embrace uncertainty and work together to find a way to continue to deliver value even when the skills of the past are called into question. It’s about will versus skill.
These three dimensions of balance can be very helpful in demonstrating the will to work together to find a way to deliver more and more impact in a time of rapid change and in the face of significant obstacles and challenges. By building deeper trust, participants create an environment where they are comfortable expressing vulnerability and asking for help. This sets in motion a virtuous cycle, because the more willing participants are to ask for help, the more help they are likely to receive and the more deeply they will trust each other.
Foster personal growth. Balance across these three dimensions also helps to foster personal growth as well as broader impact beyond the small group. The more willing we are to ask for help, the more progress we are likely to make in terms of addressing the obstacles and roadblocks that exist within all of us and that stand in the way of achieving more of our potential.
Cultivate passion. But that’s not all. These three dimensions of balance are also powerful in cultivating passion – a very specific form of passion that I call the “passion of the explorer,” that I’ve written about a lot, including here and here.
The passion of the explorer starts with a long-term commitment to achieving increasing impact in a domain. The more these workgroups can frame an inspiring long-term opportunity and focus participants on action that can deliver increasing impact, the more likely that this long-term commitment can be drawn out.
The passion of the explorer also includes a questing disposition – seeking out challenges that will help someone to achieve more impact in the domain they have chosen. And, finally, the passion of the explorer includes a connecting disposition – people with this form of passion are constantly seeking to connect with others to help them to get to better and better outcomes in addressing the challenges they are confronting. I will leave it to you to figure out how the three dimensions of balance I discussed above can help to cultivate these dispositions.
Is that all there is?
So, there’s a danger that those reading this post may conclude that it’s all about small groups. That’s all we need to drive exponential change.
Not at all. My view is that these small groups are a necessary foundation for driving exponential change. They are necessary, but not sufficient. As I’ve written elsewhere, achieving the full potential of these small groups requires them to come together in creation spaces or movements, building networks that can help these small groups to connect more effectively with each other at larger and larger scale.
Small workgroups are the necessary foundation for driving exponential impact. But they can only provide that foundation if they strike the right balance to address the heartset and spiritset that are essential for all of us to develop the motivation to drive expanding impact. If we’re going to motivate ourselves to come together, overcome our fear and doubts and unleash our hope and excitement, these small workgroups are a necessary environment for coming together, building the deep trust and cultivating the passion to overcome all obstacles. The sky’s the limit. Get ready to launch in this new decade.